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Obedience Definition & Meaning

In that study, Zimbardo and his colleagues set up a mock prison. They selected 23 student volunteers and divided them into two groups. Obedience is behavior that’s respectful and mindful of rules and laws. People demonstrate obedience when they follow the law, and kids show obedience when they obey their parents and teachers. Individual Differences refers to variables that make one person different from another. The social theories of obedience and prejudice tend to ignore these individual differences, concentrating instead on processes that are universal and apply to everyone.

  1. The research participant first read the list of words to the learner and then began testing him on his learning.
  2. Although the workers (who were actually preprogrammed) performed equally well in both conditions, the participants who were given more power took advantage of it by more frequently contacting the workers and more frequently threatening them.
  3. You may wonder whether the extreme behavior of the guards and prisoners in Zimbardo’s prison study was unique to the particular social context that he created.
  4. Milgram had set out to explore the question, “Are Germans different?” In other words, he wondered if perhaps there were some factors at work that had made German citizens obey orders more than others might.

Again, the conclusions are clear—the specifics of the social situation, more than the people themselves, are often the most important determinants of behavior. Obedience is a fundamental aspect of human behavior that influences various outcomes. The impact of obedience on behavior and outcomes has been a topic of interest in psychology for decades. In simple terms, https://accounting-services.net/ the act of following orders or commands from a superior authority figure. This blog post will explore the various ways in which obedience affects behavior and outcomes.

Christian Obedience

One well-known person-situation approach to understanding leadership effectiveness was developed by Fred Fiedler and his colleagues (Ayman, Chemers, & Fiedler, 1995). The contingency model of leadership effectiveness is a model of leadership effectiveness that focuses on both person variables and situational variables. Those who indicated that they only somewhat disliked their least preferred coworker were classified as relationship-oriented types of people, who were motivated to have close personal relationships with others.

Why is it important to accept individual differences?

There are various perspectives and theories that have been proposed to explain the nature and function of emotions. In this blog post, we will explore the different definitions and approaches to emotion in psychology. In some cases, legitimate power can even be used successfully by those who do not seem to have much power. After Hurricane Katrina hit the city of New Orleans in 2005, the people there demanded that the United States federal government help them rebuild the city.

We serve a jealous God, and a holy Saviour; wherefore let us mind that we do not grieve his Spirit, and cause him to withdraw from us. God grant us a supreme, over-mastering faith, for this is the kind of faith which we must have if we are to lead obedient lives! We must have faith in God’s right to rule, faith in the rightness of his commands, faith in our personal obligation to obey, and faith that the command must be the paramount authority of our being. With this faith of God’s elect, we shall realise the object of our election-namely, that we should be holy, and without blame before him in love. Obedience is a form of social influence that involves performing an action under the orders of an authority figure.

Both conformity and obedience usually require amenability, or a behavioral change based on social influence. However, obedience normally entails changing one’s behavior due to an order from an authority figure, while conformity typically refers to changing one’s behavior, thoughts, or attitudes to align with the opinions and actions of other people or social norms. For instance, although Winston Churchill is now regarded as having been one of the world’s greatest political leaders ever, he was not a particularly popular figure in Great Britain prior to World War II.

How to Obey God: 3 Forms of Christian Obedience

Recently, Milgram’s results were almost exactly replicated, using men and women from a wide variety of ethnic groups, in a study conducted by Jerry Burger at Santa Clara University. In this replication of the Milgram experiment, 65% of the men and 73% of the women agreed to administer obedience refers to increasingly painful electric shocks when they were ordered to by an authority figure (Burger, 2009). In the replication, however, the participants were not allowed to go beyond the 150 volt shock switch. But does this mean that the experiments are not about obedience after all?

In addition to the role of authority, Milgram’s studies also confirmed the role of unanimity in producing obedience. When another research participant (again an experimental confederate) began by giving the shocks but then later refused to continue and the participant was asked to take over, only 10% were obedient. And if two experimenters were present but only one proposed shocking while the other argued for stopping the shocks, all the research participants took the more benevolent advice and did not shock. But perhaps most telling were the studies in which Milgram allowed the participants to choose their own shock levels or in which one of the experimenters suggested that they should not actually use the shock machine. These conditions show that people do not like to harm others, and when given a choice they will not.

Bible Courses

Soldiers are initially ordered to do seemingly trivial things, such as picking up the sergeant’s hat off the floor, marching in just the right position, or marching and standing in formation. The orders gradually become more demanding, until an order to the soldiers to place themselves into the midst of gunfire gets an instinctively obedient response. Milgram’s obedience experiments are not repeated today due to ethical concerns, as many participants were significantly distraught at the perceived torture. However, one 2012 study attempted to replicate the experiment by examining whether a person would disobey and become a whistleblower when encountering unethical behavior. Milgram’s controversial experiments generated a great deal of interest in the psychology of obedience. During the early 1970s, social psychologist Philip Zimbardo staged an exploration into the study of prisoners and prison life.

His cry unto the Lord is, “By thy command I stay or go. Thy will is my will; thy pleasure is my pleasure; thy law is my love.” The question of why people obey others, its impact on society, and the factors that impact obedience are essential in understanding social behavior and social influence. However, obedience must be distinguished from other types of social influence, including conformity. For instance, obedience to traffic laws can reduce the likelihood of accidents on the road. Obedience to medical instructions can lead to better health outcomes.

Furthermore, Fielder believed that these factors were ordered in terms of their importance, with leader-member relationships being more important than task structure, which was in turn more important than position power. As a result, he was able to create eight levels of the “situational favorableness” of the group situation, which roughly range from most favorable to least favorable for the leader. The most favorable relationship involves good relationships, a structured task, and strong power for the leader, whereas the least favorable relationship involves poor relationships, an unstructured task, and weak leader power. People with referent power have an ability to influence others because they can lead those others to identify with them. “‘Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should after receive for an inheritance.” How great a company would obey God if they were paid for it on the spot!

Furthermore, in both cases the effective use of the power requires that the power-holder continually monitor the behavior of the target to be sure that he or she is complying. This monitoring may itself lead to a sense of mistrust between the two individuals in the relationship. The power-holder feels (perhaps unjustly) that the target is only complying due to the monitoring, whereas the target feels (again perhaps unjustly) that the power-holder does not trust him or her. Under Hitler’s direction, the German SS troops oversaw the execution of 6 million Jews as well as other “undesirables,” including political and religious dissidents, homosexuals, mentally and physically disabled people, and prisoners of war. Milgram used newspaper ads to recruit men (and in one study, women) from a wide variety of backgrounds to participate in his research.

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